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What is GMAT Exam? Eligibility, Syllabus, and Tips

Unveiling the Gateway to Your Business Education Success

Have you ever wondered, "What is GMAT exam?" Well, you're in the right place to find out. The GMAT, or Graduate Management Admission Test, is important for those aiming to pursue graduate management programs like an MBA. This blog post will explain what is GMAT exam and why it matters in graduate education. 

Whether you're just starting to explore your educational options or are well on your way to preparing for the GMAT, this guide will provide you with the essential information you need to understand this standardized test and its role in graduate management programs. So, let's begin by unraveling the mystery behind GMAT and why it matters to your future academic and career goals.

What is GMAT Exam?

what is gmat exam

One may wonder, "What is GMAT exam? What is GMAT exam used for?" The GMAT, or Graduate Management Admission Test, is a standardized test used for admissions into graduate management programs, primarily for MBA (Master of Business Administration) programs. It is designed to assess a candidate's analytical, quantitative, verbal, reading, and writing skills, essential for business and management education success.

GMAC, the Graduate Management Admission Council, is responsible for creating and administering the GMAT exam. 

Crucial Aspects of the GMAT Exam

The GMAT is used by business schools and management programs worldwide to evaluate prospective students' qualifications. It helps institutions gauge an applicant's readiness for graduate-level coursework. The GMAT exam consists of several main factors to consider.

Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA)

The Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) is a pivotal component of the GMAT exam, designed to evaluate your ability to think critically and express ideas effectively. In this section, candidates are tasked with analyzing an argument and crafting a coherent essay within a limited timeframe. 

Integrated Reasoning (IR)

Integrated Reasoning (IR) constitutes a crucial segment of the GMAT exam, presenting candidates with complex data in various formats, including tables, graphs, and charts. This section assesses your ability to synthesize information from multiple sources, make informed decisions, and solve intricate problems.

Quantitative Reasoning

Quantitative Reasoning is highly important on the GMAT exam, emphasizing your proficiency in mathematical concepts and problem-solving skills. This section challenges candidates with various quantitative problems, covering arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis.

Verbal Reasoning

Verbal Reasoning constitutes a vital section of the GMAT exam, evaluating your proficiency in language skills and critical thinking abilities. This segment encompasses various tasks, including reading comprehension, critical reasoning, and sentence correction. Mastering Verbal Reasoning requires a keen understanding of written passages, the ability to analyze arguments and proficiency in grammar and syntax.

What is GMAT Exam Used For?

what is gmat exam used for

GMAT Exam is a crucial tool for business schools and management programs to evaluate applicants' readiness for graduate management education, such as MBA programs. The GMAT exam assesses a candidate's math, reading, writing, and analytical reasoning skills, serving as a standardized measure that helps schools make informed decisions about admissions. 

Importance of GMAT in the Admissions Criteria

The GMAT is a vital component of the admissions criteria for many business schools and management programs worldwide. It helps these institutions assess whether prospective students have the necessary skills and abilities to succeed in the rigorous academic environment of graduate management education.

GMAT as a Comparative Tool

Business schools receive applications from candidates with diverse backgrounds, and GMAT scores help these institutions compare applicants objectively. It provides a standardized measure that helps admissions committees gauge an applicant's readiness and aptitude compared to other candidates.

Role of GMAT in Scholarships and Financial Aid

In some cases, a strong GMAT score can also be a factor in securing scholarships or financial aid. Many schools use GMAT scores to award merit-based financial assistance to deserving students. Many top-tier business schools use GMAT scores as a criterion for awarding merit-based scholarships to deserving students. These scholarships recognize academic excellence and aim to attract and retain top talent in their programs.

Significance of GMAT in Program Placement

Some schools use GMAT scores to place students into appropriate programs within the business school, such as determining whether a student needs to take additional foundation courses before starting the MBA program.

What is GMAT Exam Eligibility?

gmat eligibility and requirement

What is GMAT exam? What is the eligibility requirement? The paperwork needed to confirm your identity is not the only eligibility prerequisite for the GMAT. In addition, you must have a valid passport with your full name, portrait photo, and signature visible. You must carry it with you; otherwise, you will not be allowed to take the exam. You should know about all the eligibility criteria so you do not get rejected after 24 hours.

There are no formal qualifying requirements for taking the GMAT test, but candidates should be aware of the following:

  • Citizenship: The GMAT is open to individuals of all nationalities. There are no restrictions based on citizenship.
  • Age: There is no specific age requirement for taking the GMAT. Candidates of any age can register for the exam.

Document Requirements

Document requirements for the GMAT exam are essential to ensure a smooth and hassle-free testing experience. These documents are necessary to verify your identity and exam eligibility. Understanding and preparing these documents in advance is crucial to avoid complications on exam day.

Identification Proof

A valid passport is the most commonly accepted form of identification, but other government-issued identification documents may also be accepted, depending on the GMAT test center.

Test Scheduling Confirmation

Test Scheduling Confirmation is a critical aspect of the GMAT exam journey, as it ensures that candidates have secured their preferred test date and location. This confirmation validates your readiness to take the exam and marks an important milestone in your preparation process.

It verifies that all logistical arrangements have been made, allowing you to focus solely on the task at hand—performing your best on exam day. You must present the confirmation email or letter received upon registering for the GMAT.

Name and Date of Birth

The name and date of birth on your identification documents should match the information provided during registration.

Test Fee Payment Confirmation

Carry proof of payment, such as a receipt or transaction confirmation, to verify that you have paid the GMAT exam fee.

Exam Appointment Confirmation

Please carry the confirmation email or letter with your scheduled GMAT exam details, including the date, time, and test center location.

Disability Documentation (if applicable)

If you require special accommodations due to a disability, provide appropriate documentation from a qualified professional.

What is GMAT Exam Pattern?


Understanding what is GMAT exam and its pattern is crucial for every candidate appearing for the exam. The GMAT online exam takes 3.5 hours and has four parts, each with different types of questions.

The following table will help you understand the exam pattern more comprehensively. Allowing you to plan your exam better.

GMAT Section Number of Questions Time Allotted
Analytical Writing (AWA) 1 essay prompt 30 minutes
Integrated Reasoning (IR) 12 questions 30 minutes
Quantitative Reasoning 31 questions 62 minutes
Verbal Reasoning 36 questions 65 minutes 

What is the Schedule and Fees for GMAT?

gmat fees and costs

Candidates can take the GMAT at a vast and growing network of test centers almost any day of the year. The GMAT exam is registered online at or by calling/contacting one of the test centers before the application deadline.

To schedule the exam on a specific day, one must make an appointment at the specified test centers. Candidates are allowed to take the GMAT exam five times a year. However, they must wait at least 16 days between each attempt. Therefore, you should keep track of application deadlines for successful submission.

The GMAT application fee is $250, loosely translating to INR15,000 – INR16,500. The payments can be made with a credit card (Visa, Mastercard, American Express, etc.) or money order. However, your admission fees will be forfeited if you skip your planned exam period for some reason. Hence, ensure you prepare your GMAT with the correct schedule and keep track of the application deadlines.

Costs Associated with the GMAT Exam

Understanding the costs associated with the GMAT exam is essential for prospective test-takers preparing to embark on their graduate management education journey. While the benefits of earning a competitive GMAT score are manifold, it is crucial to consider the financial implications involved in the examination process.

Type of Cost Amount
GMAT Registration Fee $250
GMAT Preparation Course Fees $349
Additional Score Reports $35

What is GMAT Exam Syllabus?

gmat syllabus

What is GMAT exam? What is its Syllabus? The GMAT exam assesses your skills and abilities across different sections. Here is an overview of the GMAT syllabus:

Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA)

  • Analysis of an Argument: You will be given an argument and asked to critique its logic and structure within 30 minutes
  • Effective Essay Writing: You must articulate their critique in a clear, organized manner, supporting their analysis with relevant examples and logical reasoning

Integrated Reasoning (IR)

  • Multi-Source Reasoning: Analyze data from multiple sources, such as tables, graphs, and text
  • Graphics Interpretation: Interpret information as graphs, charts, and diagrams
  • Two-Part Analysis: Solve complex problems by evaluating multiple components and selecting the correct answer
  • Table Analysis: Sort and analyze data in a table format

Quantitative Reasoning

  • Problem Solving: Solve mathematical problems involving arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis
  • Data Sufficiency: Determine whether given data can solve a problem

Verbal Reasoning

  • Reading Comprehension: Answer questions based on passages from various subjects
  • Critical Reasoning: Evaluate arguments and make logical deductions
  • Sentence Correction: Identify errors and improve sentences for clarity and coherence

The GMAT is a computer-adaptive test, meaning the difficulty level of questions adapts based on your responses. To succeed in the exam, it is essential to develop a strong foundation in each of these areas and practice time management.

How to Prepare for the GMAT Exam?

What is GMAT exam? How to prepare for it? The easiest way to prepare for the GMAT is to determine the questions that need to be prepared and choose the correct answer. Giving GMAT mock tests and looking for the official guide for GMAT feedback are two good ways to do so. Then, once you have a good understanding, you must determine which places you are weak in or need to improve.

Before taking the actual GMAT, taking practice tests regularly is important. It would give you an advantage over other candidates by giving you a head start. The following are some of the best online and offline tools for GMAT preparation:

  • Official GMAT Website (
  • GMATPrep Software
  • Magoosh GMAT
  • Economist GMAT
  • Prep 4 GMAT

The key factor in preparing for GMAT is systematically being consistent in your approach and plan. This will help you score a 700+ score. To get good grades in GMAT, here are some tips on how you can prepare for the test:

Tips for GMAT Preparation

  • Understand the GMAT Format: Learn about the different sections of the GMAT, like analytical writing, integrated reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and verbal reasoning.
  • Practice, Practice, Practice: Practice with sample questions and take practice tests to get comfortable with the types of questions you'll encounter.
  • Use Study Materials: Get materials or books designed for GMAT prep. They can be super helpful in explaining concepts and strategies.
  • Consider a Prep Course: If you want extra help, sign up for a GMAT prep course. These courses often provide expert guidance and study plans.
  • Manage Your Time: Set a study schedule that works for you and allocate enough time to cover all the material.

What is a Good GMAT Score?

what is a good gmat score

Students may wonder, what is a good GMAT score? Grades all depend on the schools you choose to apply to. The average GMAT score would be 550 if all big B-schools were included. However, if you want to apply to one of the Top 15 business schools, you need a GMAT score of at least 700.

Average GMAT Score of Top MBA Programs

The average GMAT score of top MBA programs serves as a pivotal benchmark for aspiring business professionals worldwide. These renowned institutions attract ambitious individuals seeking to advance their careers and expand their skill sets. Understanding the average GMAT score of these programs provides valuable insights into their competitiveness and academic rigor.

MBA Program Average GMAT Score
Stanford Graduate School of Business 738
Columbia Business School 711
Saïd Business School (University of Oxford) 680
University of Cambridge Judge Business School 682
Imperial College Business School 666
HEC Paris 690
INSEAD Business School 715
ESSEC Business School 690
ESCP Business School 670
Esade Business School 660
Indian School of Business (ISB) 720

Navigating what is GMAT exam and its preparation can be daunting for many prospective test-takers. From understanding the intricacies of each section to developing effective study strategies, numerous challenges exist to overcome on the journey to GMAT success. Fortunately, seeking guidance from experts in the field can provide invaluable support and direction, helping you navigate this process with confidence and ease.


As we unveil the significance of the GMAT exam, it becomes clear that diligent preparation is paramount for those aiming for graduate management programs like an MBA. Comprehending its sections and grasping its format reveals the importance of focused preparation.

Mastering the GMAT requires thorough preparation, strategic planning, and an unwavering commitment to excellence. As you navigate its diverse sections and recognize its significance in graduate management education, remember that success is defined not merely by a score but by the dedication and effort you invest in your preparation.

How long are GMAT scores valid?

GMAT scores are valid for five years from the date you take the exam. However, some business schools may have their own policies regarding score validity.

Are there any resources available to help with GMAT preparation?

Yes, there are numerous resources available, including official GMAT guides, online study materials, practice tests, and coaching services. Additionally, there are forums and study groups where you can interact with fellow test-takers and share insights.

What is the best time to take the GMAT exam?

The best time to take the GMAT depends on your application deadlines and the amount of preparation time you need. It is generally recommended to take the exam well in advance of your application deadlines, allowing ample time for retakes if necessary.

How does the GMAT compare to other standardized tests like the GRE?

The GMAT and GRE are both accepted by many business schools for MBA admissions. While the GRE is more widely accepted across various disciplines, the GMAT focuses specifically on skills relevant to business and management programs.

What is an Ideal time to start with your GMAT preparations?

The majority of candidates are unsure about when to begin studying for the GMAT. Unfortunately, this question has no correct answer choices. The best time to plan varies from person to person. First, one must determine how much time they may need to prepare. To begin your training, take a recent sample paper/mock test for the GMAT. It will assist you in table analysis and determining how much more progress is needed.

Know Your Author
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Rohit Rajaram
Study Abroad Expert
Rohit is a results-driven individual with a strong background in Education Mentorship, Program Management and Business Development. Holding a Master's degree in Management from ESCP Business School in Paris, Rohit combines academic excellence with extensive industry experience. Throughout his career, Rohit has consistently delivered exceptional results, driving sales, increasing turnover, and achieving targets. Known for his strategic acumen, Rohit formulates and executes successful business strategies, enhancing operational quality, customer satisfaction and key bottonline drivers. As the Co-Founder of MiM-Essay, a leading Early Career Degrees application consulting company, Rohit has successfully mentored over 10,000+ students, enabling them to secure admissions in top-ranked schools worldwide with significant scholarships. Under his leadership, the company has maintained high-quality service and exceptional client satisfaction rates. With expertise in analytics, product development and business excellence, Rohit has successfully driven the success of various initiatives. Committed to constant innovation, he is expanding the company's offerings by introducing digital and technology-powered products for comprehensive education solutions.
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