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Understanding the GMAT Integrated Reasoning Section

GMAT Integrated Reasoning: Topics, Tips & How to Prepare

Are you ready to ace the GMAT Integrated Reasoning section and secure your spot in a top-tier business program? Look no further! This crucial part of the GMAT evaluates your ability to analyze complex data, synthesize information, and make strategic decisions—all essential skills for success in the business world.

With our expert tips and strategies, you'll gain the confidence and proficiency needed to excel in this challenging section, impressing admissions committees and setting yourself apart. Take the first step towards achieving your GMAT goals today. Let us equip you with the tools to conquer the Integrated Reasoning section and unlock your path to success in business education.

What is Integrated Reasoning (IR) in GMAT?

Integrated Reasoning

Wondering what Integrated Reasoning (IR) is all about in the GMAT? Let's break it down for you.

Introduced in 2012, the IR section assesses crucial skills needed for business school and beyond. It tests your ability to analyze data from various sources, such as tables, graphs, and text, and integrate that information to solve complex problems.

With 12 questions in 4 different formats, including graphics interpretation, table analysis, multi-source reasoning, and two-part analysis, IR pushes you to think critically and draw insightful conclusions. Plus, it's scored separately on a scale of 1-8, showcasing your data-driven decision-making prowess—highly valued by both business schools and employers.

Are you ready to showcase your analytical skills and stand out in the competitive landscape? Master the IR section and open doors to top-tier business schools and exciting career opportunities.

Format of Integrated Reasoning in GMAT

The GMAT Integrated Reasoning syllabus consists of 12 questions you must complete in 30 minutes. It evaluates your ability to interpret and analyze complex data from various sources, including tables, graphs, and multi-source reasoning. This section assesses your skills in synthesizing information, evaluating relationships, and making sound decisions based on data-driven insights.

The Integrated Reasoning section has four types of questions: Graphics Interpretation, Table Analysis, Multi-Source Reasoning, and Two-Part Analysis.

Question Pattern of GMAT Integrated Reasoning

gmat integrated reasoning

The Integrated Reasoning section assesses your ability to analyze and interpret complex data from various sources, including tables, graphs, and multi-source reasoning. This section of the GMAT syllabus measures your skills in synthesizing information, evaluating relationships, and making sound decisions based on data-driven insights. Let's take a closer look at the content you can expect in this section:

1. Graphics Interpretation:

In this question type, you will be presented with a graph, chart, or diagram and accompanying questions. Your task is to analyze the information displayed and select the answer that best addresses the question.

2. Table Analysis:

Table Analysis questions require examining a table containing multiple columns of data. You must interpret and analyze the data to answer the questions accurately. These questions test your ability to extract relevant table information and draw conclusions based on the data.

3. Multi-Source Reasoning:

In this question type, you will be presented with information from sources such as text passages, graphs and tables. Your task is to analyze the information, identify relationships between the sources and answer questions based on the given data. This question type assesses your ability to integrate information from multiple sources and draw logical conclusions.

4. Two-Part Analysis:

Two-part analysis questions present you with a problem that consists of two components. You must evaluate each component separately and select the appropriate answer that combines both components to solve the problem. These questions assess your ability to analyze and evaluate elements and make accurate judgments.

The GMAT Integrated Reasoning section requires you to quickly analyze and interpret information, make connections between different data sources, and draw conclusions based on the given information. It tests your ability to think critically, synthesize information, and apply logical reasoning skills.

Question Type Number of Questions Score
Graphics Interpretation 3 1/8
Table Analysis 3 1/8
Multi-Source Reasoning 3 1/8
Two-Part Analysis 3 1/8

How to Prepare for Integrated Reasoning in GMAT

gmat integrated reasoning

Creating a well-structured study plan is crucial for effective GMAT Integrated Reasoning preparation. You can use GMAT free resources to assist you in the GMAT exam. Here are some steps to help you create a plan that is tailored to your needs:

1. Assess Your Skills

Start your Integrated Reasoning journey by evaluating your current level. Take a diagnostic test or tackle sample questions to pinpoint your strengths and weaknesses.

2. Set Clear Targets

Define your target score and improvement goals for the Integrated Reasoning section. Specific, achievable objectives will keep you focused and motivated throughout your prep.

3. Understand the Content

Get familiar with the content and question types in Integrated Reasoning. Dive into the official GMAT guide and tackle sample questions to grasp what you'll face on test day.

4. Practice Regularly

Consistent practice is key. Solve a variety of practice questions from trusted sources, aiming for a balance between accuracy and speed. Regular practice will hone your skills for test success.

5. Craft Your Schedule

Plan your study sessions wisely. Create a schedule that fits your routine and allows for consistent practice. Break down your study time into manageable chunks to maintain focus.

6. Focus on Improvement

Based on your assessment, identify areas needing improvement. Dedicate extra time to practising and reviewing questions related to these areas to boost your confidence.

Importance of GMAT Integrated Reasoning Score in MBA Admissions

gmat integrated reasoning

Improving your GMAT Integrated Reasoning score requires a combination of effective strategies and consistent practice. Here are some strategies to help you enhance your performance in the GMAT Integrated Reasoning section:

1. Understand the Question Types

Familiarize yourself with the different question types in the Integrated Reasoning section, such as Graphics Interpretation, Table Analysis, Multi-Source Reasoning, and Two-Part Analysis. Understand the objectives of each question type and the specific skills required to solve them.

2. Focus on Data Interpretation

Integrated reasoning questions often involve interpreting complex data presented in graphs, tables, and texts. Practice analyzing and extracting key information from various data sources. This will strengthen your ability to identify trends, compare, and draw conclusions from the data.

3. Develop Logical Reasoning Skills

Integrated reasoning GMAT questions require strong logical reasoning abilities. Improve your ability to evaluate relationships between variables, make logical connections, and draw valid inferences. Practice identifying assumptions, detecting patterns, and applying deductive and inductive reasoning.

4. Enhance Time Management

Effective time management is crucial in the Integrated Reasoning section. Allocate appropriate time to each question based on its complexity and importance. Regular practice under timed conditions will help you improve your pacing and complete the section within the allotted time.

5. Practice Integrated Reasoning Sets

Solve practice sets or complete Integrated Reasoning sections from official GMAT practice materials or reputable online resources. This will help you become familiar with the format, content, and question types and improve your overall performance.

Understanding and preparing for the GMAT exam can feel overwhelming. From figuring out each section to finding study methods, there are many hurdles to success. But don't worry! Getting advice from experts can make a big difference. They'll give you the help and direction to confidently face the GMAT journey.

Check out if you need any specific information on GMAT.


In conclusion, mastering the GMAT Integrated Reasoning section demands a methodical and committed approach. By familiarizing yourself with question types, refining data interpretation and logical reasoning abilities, and maintaining consistent practice, you can elevate your performance and reach your score goals.

Through the strategic collaboration of personalized study plans and clear objectives, you're primed to advance toward proficiency, drawing closer to your GMAT aspirations. This journey, characterized by dedication and illuminated by insights, serves as a testament that expertise is cultivated in finding answers and in the pursuit of continuous improvement.

What is the GMAT Integrated Reasoning (IR) section, and why is it important for my business school application?

The GMAT Integrated Reasoning section is designed to assess your ability to analyze complex data and make informed decisions. Business schools value this skill as it reflects real-world problem-solving abilities required in today's data-driven business environment.

How is the GMAT Integrated Reasoning section different from other sections of the exam?

Unlike the Quantitative and Verbal sections, which focus on traditional math and language skills, the Integrated Reasoning section evaluates your ability to process and synthesize information from various sources, including graphs, tables, and text passages.

What types of questions can I expect in the Integrated Reasoning section?

The IR section consists of various question types, such as multi-source reasoning, table analysis, graphics interpretation, and two-part analysis. These questions assess your ability to interpret data and draw conclusions.

How should I prepare for the Integrated Reasoning section?

To prepare effectively, practice with authentic GMAT Integrated Reasoning questions available in official GMAT prep materials. Familiarize yourself with different question formats and practice time management to handle data-intensive scenarios.

How can I improve my performance in the Integrated Reasoning section?

Practice regularly to build familiarity with different question types and learn to extract relevant information quickly. Focus on comprehension, data analysis, and making informed decisions based on the presented information.

Know Your Author
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Abhyank Srinet
Study Abroad Expert
Abhyank Srinet, the founder of, is a globally recognized expert in study abroad and admission consulting.His passion lies in helping students navigate the complex world of admissions and achieve their academic dreams. Having earned a Master's degree in Management from ESCP Europe, Abhyank's expertise in data-driven marketing strategies has driven growth for some of the most competitive industries. As the founder of, he has helped thousands of students get into top business schools with a strong emphasis on research, shortlisting, and applying to schools from a single platform. His dedication to education has also led him to create MentR-Me, a free-to-use social platform that simplifies the study abroad process for students, while providing universities with a powerful recruitment tool. As a leader in the field of admission consulting, he is constantly researching and implementing the latest strategies to ensure that his clients receive the best possible guidance. He leads the Business Development and Digital Marketing side of both companies, and has grown both ventures to 7 figure revenue.His unique insights, experience, and dedication to his clients make him a valuable resource for anyone seeking to advance their education or career.
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