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GMAT Syllabus: A Detailed Analysis

GMAT Syllabus: Sections, Resources, Tips & Expert Advice

Prepare to unlock the door to your business school dreams as we delve into the heart of the GMAT syllabus. The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) isn't just a standardized exam; it's your key to unlocking opportunities in prestigious business schools worldwide. Designed to assess your analytical writing, quantitative reasoning, and verbal skills, the GMAT syllabus is your roadmap to success in the competitive landscape of business education.

Embarking on the journey of familiarizing yourself with the GMAT syllabus isn't merely a task—it's a strategic move to elevate your chances of admission into top-tier programs. From dissecting the nuances of reading comprehension to conquering the challenges of data sufficiency, every element of the GMAT syllabus is a vital piece of the puzzle in your pursuit of excellence.

Understanding the GMAT Syllabus for MBA

gmat exam syllabus

The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is widely recognized as the most popular and accepted test for admission into graduate business school programs. The GMAT syllabus outlines the various topics that will be tested for the examination.

These topics include Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment. The Verbal Reasoning section tests a candidate's ability to comprehend and analyze written material, while the Quantitative Reasoning evaluates a candidate's ability to interpret quantitative data and solve mathematical problems.

The Integrated Reasoning section measures a candidate’s ability to interpret data presented in multiple formats and draw appropriate conclusions. Finally, the Analytical Writing Assessment evaluates a candidate’s ability to express ideas effectively in written form.

Analytical Writing Assessment 

The GMAT analytical writing assessment (AWA) section tests a candidate's ability to think critically and communicate complex ideas clearly and concisely. This section consists of one 30-minute writing task in which the candidate must analyze an argument and then evaluate it. This task requires careful reading and analysis of the argument presented, as well as the ability to develop a response in a logical and organized manner.

Integrated Reasoning

The GMAT integrated reasoning section of the syllabus tests a student's ability to interpret and analyze data from multiple sources. This section consists of 12 questions of 4 different types that primarily evaluate a student's capacity to comprehend and draw logical conclusions from graphical representations of data, such as tables, graphs, and charts. In addition, the section includes two-part analysis questions and questions involving multi-source reasoning. A strong score in this section is important for a successful GMAT performance.

Quantitative Reasoning

The GMAT quantitative reasoning section of the syllabus covers a range of topics, from basic arithmetic and algebra to more advanced topics such as geometry, probability, and data analysis. Test-takers should be familiar with basic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, as well as more challenging concepts such as fractions, exponents, roots, and logarithms.

They will also be expected to have a thorough understanding of word problems and be able to interpret data presented in tables, graphs, or charts. Test-takers need to be comfortable with the quantitative material on the GMAT so they can confidently approach the questions on test day.

Verbal Reasoning

The verbal reasoning section of the GMAT syllabus is a key component of the exam, testing a candidate’s ability to understand and analyze written material. This section consists of three main areas: Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and Sentence Correction. Each area assesses the test taker’s aptitude for grammar and language, as well as their ability to read and think critically. The Verbal Section requires practice and preparation in order to score well on the GMAT.

An Analysis of the GMAT Syllabus

analysis of gmat syllabus

The GMAT exam syllabus encompasses a comprehensive range of skills crucial for success in graduate business programs. Divided into four distinct sections—Analytical Writing Assessment, Verbal, Quantitative, and Integrated Reasoning—it reflects the multifaceted nature of business education.

GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) Syllabus

The AWA section of the GMAT evaluates your ability to think critically and communicate effectively in writing. It consists of one essay prompt, and you have 30 minutes to complete it. The AWA syllabus is not scored on the same scale as the other sections of the GMAT; it receives a separate score from 0 to 6 in half-point increments.

Syllabus Overview

Analysis of an Argument: You'll be presented with an argument and need to analyze its reasoning. Your task is to critique the argument by discussing its logical flaws, evidence, assumptions, and possible alternative explanations.

Skills Assessed

  • Analyzing the structure of an argument
  • Identifying logical flaws, assumptions, and evidence
  • Constructing a coherent and organized response
  • Expressing ideas clearly and logically
  • Provide appropriate examples to support your points

GMAT Verbal Syllabus

The Verbal section assesses your reading comprehension, critical reasoning, and sentence correction skills. It consists of three questions: Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and Sentence Correction. The GMAT Verbal syllabus section has 36 questions; you have 65 minutes to complete it.

Syllabus Overview

  • Reading Comprehension: You'll be presented with passages from various subjects and asked to answer questions about the main ideas, details, inferences, and author's tone.
  • Critical Reasoning: You'll analyze and evaluate arguments, identify assumptions, strengthen/weaken points, and draw conclusions based on provided information.
  • Sentence Correction: You'll correct sentences by identifying grammar, usage, and syntax errors while maintaining clarity and proper meaning.

Skills Assessed

  • Reading and understanding complex passages
  • Identifying key information, main ideas, and supporting details
  • Analyzing and evaluating arguments for logical flaws
  • Identifying errors in sentence structure, grammar, and usage
  • Choosing the most appropriate and clear sentence or phrasing

GMAT Quantitative Syllabus

The Quantitative section assesses your mathematical and quantitative reasoning skills. It consists of two types of questions: Problem-Solving and Data Sufficiency. The GMAT Quantitative syllabus has 31 questions and you have 62 minutes to complete it.

Syllabus Overview

  • Problem Solving: These multiple-choice questions require solving mathematical problems involving arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis.
  • Data Sufficiency: These questions test your ability to determine whether given data is sufficient to solve a problem. You'll need to analyze statements and decide whether each statement alone or both together is sufficient.

Skills Assessed

  • Applying mathematical concepts to solve problems
  • Analyzing and interpreting data presented in various forms (tables, graphs, etc.)
  • Identifying necessary and sufficient information to solve a problem
  • Recognizing and applying algebraic and geometric concepts
  • Making accurate calculations within time constraints

GMAT Integrated Reasoning Syllabus

The Integrated Reasoning section evaluates your ability to synthesize information from multiple sources, analyze data, and solve complex problems. It consists of four questions: Graphics Interpretation, Table Analysis, Multi-Source Reasoning, and Two-Part Analysis. The GMAT Integrated Reasoning syllabus section has 12 questions and you have 30 minutes to complete it.

Syllabus Overview

  • Graphics Interpretation: You'll interpret data presented in graphs, charts, and diagrams to answer questions.
  • Table Analysis: You'll analyze and interpret data presented in tables and make logical deductions.
  • Multi-Source Reasoning: You'll answer questions based on information from multiple sources, such as text passages, tables, and graphs.
  • Two-Part Analysis: These questions require solving problems by selecting two related answers from three options.

Skills Assessed

  • Synthesizing information from different sources
  • Interpreting data presented in graphical and tabular formats
  • Analyzing complex information and concluding
  • Solving problems using multiple pieces of information
  • Making strategic decisions based on provided data

Preparing for Exam After Decoding the GMAT Syllabus

Preparing for the GMAT has never been this easy. We have more than enough free resources for GMAT, study guides, and mock tests to help. What students need to do is to form a proper plan and execute it. Getting generic information and books won't be ideal if you plan to apply for the best MBA programs abroad. 

The Graduate Management Admission Council is pivotal in shaping the GMAT syllabus and its broader framework. As the organization responsible for developing and administering the GMAT exam, GMAC meticulously designs the syllabus to encompass a diverse array of skills that business schools value. 

Here are some specialized tips to get you started-

gmat syllabus

Setting a Goal and Timeline

Setting a goal and timeline for your preparation is an important step in preparing for the exam. Taking the time to determine what you need to study, when you need to study it, and how long you plan to devote to studying will help keep you on track and focused. Knowing what is expected of you on the GMAT, understanding the syllabus and its components, and creating a timeline for yourself will help you maximize your studying time and create a clear pathway to success.

Familiarizing with the Exam Format

It is important for students to become familiar with the GMAT format and content to prepare for the exam. The exam has four sections: Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, and Verbal. Each section measures different aspects of analytical and problem-solving skills.

Additionally, the GMAT syllabus covers various topics, including algebra, geometry, data analysis, grammar, and critical reasoning. By understanding the GMAT syllabus and exam format, potential applicants can ensure they are well-prepared for their upcoming tests.

Utilizing the Practice Tests

Preparing for the GMAT can be daunting, but realistic practice tests can help test takers better understand the GMAT syllabus and get the most out of their study sessions. Practice tests that simulate the actual testing environment provide an opportunity to familiarize oneself with the structure and content of the exam.

They also allow for an assessment of strengths and weaknesses to better focus on areas for improvement. Additionally, practice tests provide a valuable source of material to draw questions for further study and practice. Taking advantage of realistic practice tests is an invaluable tool for any GMAT test taker.

Focusing on the Improvement Areas

When preparing for the GMAT, it is important to focus on the areas where you need improvement to maximize your score. This means understanding the GMAT syllabus and the topics covered and developing a study plan focusing on the areas needing the most attention. Identify your weak spots and invest time studying these areas, as this will help you reach a higher score. Additionally, practice exams can be a great way to measure your progress and identify potential problem areas.

Developing a Time-Management Strategy

Studying for the GMAT is rigorous, and developing a time-management strategy is essential for success. Taking practice tests, doing timed drills, and breaking up study time into manageable chunks can help maximize performance on the actual test day. Additionally, creating a study schedule that works with personal commitments and executing it diligently can help ensure that you are ready for the GMAT when the time comes. With discipline and dedication, developing an effective time-management strategy can make all the difference in doing well on test day.

Utilizing the Right Set of Study Materials

Combining study materials is essential to ensure success when preparing for the GMAT. Books, online courses, and prep classes are all excellent options. Books provide in-depth information on the various topics covered by the GMAT syllabus, while online courses offer interactive lessons and practice tests. Prep classes provide an opportunity to ask questions from experienced instructors and receive personalized feedback. Utilizing these materials in combination is the best way to maximize your chances of success on the GMAT.

Taking Advantage of Official Resources

Taking advantage of resources such as the official GMAT study guides and practice tests can be a great way to prepare for the exam. Study guides provide an overview of the topics covered on the exam and guide how to approach each question type. Taking practice tests can also help you discover which topics you need to study more and give you a better idea of what to expect on test day. With the right resources, you can be well-prepared for the GMAT.

Time Limits on Each Section of the GMAT Exam

time limit of gmat

Knowing the time limits for each section of the GMAT exam is an important part of preparing for the test.

Section No. of Questions Time Limit
Quantitative Reasoning 31 62 mins
Integrated Reasoning 12 30 mins
Analytical Writing Assessment 1 30 mins
Verbal Reasoning 36 65 mins

Scoring Criteria for Each Section of the GMAT Exam

gmat scoring criteria

When preparing to take the GMAT, it is important to understand the scoring criteria for each section. The GMAT syllabus consists of three main sections: Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA). To maximize performance and achieve a desirable score, it is important to familiarize yourself with each section's specific criteria.

Section Score
Quantitative Reasoning 6-51
Integrated Reasoning 1-8
Analytical Writing Assessment 0-6
Verbal Reasoning 6-51
Total Score 200-800

Navigating the complexities of the GMAT exam and its preparation, especially when delving into the intricacies of the GMAT syllabus, can be overwhelming for many prospective test-takers. From comprehending the nuances of each section to devising effective study strategies, there are myriad challenges to conquer on the path to GMAT success. Fortunately, seeking guidance from experts in the field of GMAT syllabus can offer invaluable support and direction, facilitating your journey with confidence and ease.


The GMAT is a challenging test that requires extensive studying and practice to achieve a high score. Understanding the GMAT syllabus and the types of questions that will be asked is an essential part of the preparation process. With a comprehensive syllabus knowledge, students can ensure they are fully prepared to take the GMAT and maximize their chances of success.

The GMAT syllabus is a comprehensive roadmap that assesses critical skills essential for success in business and management. From quantitative aptitude to verbal reasoning, the syllabus encapsulates the diverse abilities required of future leaders. Navigating through the syllabus not only prepares individuals for the GMAT exam but also hones their analytical thinking, decision-making, and communication skills – all crucial attributes for excelling in the ever-evolving business landscape.

Is scoring 750 in GMAT easy?

750 is a very good score on GMAT and scoring this may not be easy, one requires rigorous practice, regular revision, hard work, and dedication to achieve a score like this. The GMAT consists of four sections - Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Verbal Reasoning - each of which has its own set of topics and style of questions. A good understanding of the syllabus and a good amount of practice is essential to securing a good score on the GMAT. 

What is the syllabus for GMAT?

The syllabus for GMAT includes topics in analytical writing, integrated reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and verbal reasoning. Analytical writing requires students to analyze an argument and propose solutions. Integrated reasoning involves analyzing and synthesizing data from various sources. Quantitative reasoning tests the ability to solve mathematical problems, while verbal reasoning assesses the ability to read and comprehend written material. Each section of the GMAT has a specific time limit and is designed to evaluate a student's aptitude for graduate-level management studies.

Does GMAT syllabus change every year?

The GMAT syllabus is designed to assess the skills needed for success in graduate business programs. While the format of the GMAT has remained largely unchanged, the actual content of the exam does change periodically. Each year, the GMAT undergoes a rigorous review process to ensure that it remains valid and up-to-date. Consequently, changes to the syllabus are made as needed to reflect current trends in graduate business education. 

Can GMAT be cracked in 3 months?

Cracking the GMAT in a few months is certainly possible, but it requires dedication and a comprehensive understanding of the exam syllabus.  studying past papers and familiarising oneself with the exam structure and types of questions will help in preparing for the exam. With the right approach, time management, and study plan, it is possible to crack the GMAT in a few months.

What are the changes in the GMAT 2023 syllabus?

GMAC has introduced the GMAT Focus Edition. The GMAT Focus Edition syllabus and pattern are different from the current GMAT 2023 exam. Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) and Sentence Correction (SC) are not a part of the GMAT Focus Edition syllabus. A new section, called Data Insights (DI), has been introduced.

Know Your Author
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Abhyank Srinet
Study Abroad Expert
Abhyank Srinet, the founder of, is a globally recognized expert in study abroad and admission consulting.His passion lies in helping students navigate the complex world of admissions and achieve their academic dreams. Having earned a Master's degree in Management from ESCP Europe, Abhyank's expertise in data-driven marketing strategies has driven growth for some of the most competitive industries. As the founder of, he has helped thousands of students get into top business schools with a strong emphasis on research, shortlisting, and applying to schools from a single platform. His dedication to education has also led him to create MentR-Me, a free-to-use social platform that simplifies the study abroad process for students, while providing universities with a powerful recruitment tool. As a leader in the field of admission consulting, he is constantly researching and implementing the latest strategies to ensure that his clients receive the best possible guidance. He leads the Business Development and Digital Marketing side of both companies, and has grown both ventures to 7 figure revenue.His unique insights, experience, and dedication to his clients make him a valuable resource for anyone seeking to advance their education or career.
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