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GMAT Syllabus: A Detailed Analysis

GMAT Syllabus: Sections, Resources, Tips & Expert Advice

Prepare to unlock the door to your business school dreams as we delve into the heart of the GMAT syllabus. The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) isn't just a standardized exam; it's your key to unlocking opportunities in prestigious business schools worldwide. Designed to assess your analytical writing, quantitative reasoning, and verbal skills, the GMAT syllabus is your roadmap to success in the competitive landscape of business education.

Embarking on the journey of familiarizing yourself with the GMAT syllabus isn't merely a task—it's a strategic move to elevate your chances of admission into top-tier programs. From dissecting the nuances of reading comprehension to conquering the challenges of data sufficiency, every element of the GMAT syllabus is a vital piece of the puzzle in your pursuit of excellence.

Understanding the GMAT Syllabus for MBA

gmat exam syllabus

The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is widely recognized as the most popular and accepted test for admission into graduate business school programs. The GMAT syllabus outlines the various topics that will be tested for the examination.

These topics include Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment. The Verbal Reasoning section tests a candidate's ability to comprehend and analyze written material, while the Quantitative Reasoning evaluates a candidate's ability to interpret quantitative data and solve mathematical problems.

The Integrated Reasoning section measures a candidate’s ability to interpret data presented in multiple formats and draw appropriate conclusions. Finally, the Analytical Writing Assessment evaluates a candidate’s ability to express ideas effectively in written form.

Analytical Writing Assessment 

The GMAT analytical writing assessment (AWA) section tests a candidate's ability to think critically and communicate complex ideas clearly and concisely. This section consists of one 30-minute writing task in which the candidate must analyze an argument and then evaluate it. This task requires careful reading and analysis of the argument presented, as well as the ability to develop a response in a logical and organized manner.

1. Integrated Reasoning

The GMAT integrated reasoning section of the syllabus tests a student's ability to interpret and analyze data from multiple sources. This section consists of 12 questions of 4 different types that primarily evaluate a student's capacity to comprehend and draw logical conclusions from graphical representations of data, such as tables, graphs, and charts. In addition, the section includes two-part analysis questions and questions involving multi-source reasoning. A strong score in this section is important for a successful GMAT performance.

2. Quantitative Reasoning

The GMAT quantitative reasoning section of the syllabus covers a range of topics, from basic arithmetic and algebra to more advanced topics such as geometry, probability, and data analysis. Test-takers should be familiar with basic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, as well as more challenging concepts such as fractions, exponents, roots, and logarithms.

They will also be expected to have a thorough understanding of word problems and be able to interpret data presented in tables, graphs, or charts. Test-takers need to be comfortable with the quantitative material on the GMAT so they can confidently approach the questions on test day.

3. Verbal Reasoning

The verbal reasoning section of the GMAT syllabus is a key component of the exam, testing a candidate’s ability to understand and analyze written material. This section consists of three main areas: Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and Sentence Correction. Each area assesses the test taker’s aptitude for grammar and language, as well as their ability to read and think critically. The Verbal Section requires practice and preparation in order to score well on the GMAT.

An Analysis of the GMAT Syllabus

analysis of gmat syllabus

The GMAT exam syllabus encompasses a comprehensive range of skills crucial for success in graduate business programs. Divided into four distinct sections—Analytical Writing Assessment, Verbal, Quantitative, and Integrated Reasoning—it reflects the multifaceted nature of business education.

GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) Syllabus

The AWA section of the GMAT evaluates your ability to think critically and communicate effectively in writing. It consists of one essay prompt, and you have 30 minutes to complete it. The AWA syllabus is not scored on the same scale as the other sections of the GMAT; it receives a separate score from 0 to 6 in half-point increments.

Syllabus Overview

Analysis of an Argument: You'll be presented with an argument and need to analyze its reasoning. Your task is to critique the argument by discussing its logical flaws, evidence, assumptions, and possible alternative explanations.

Skills Assessed

  • Analyzing the structure of an argument
  • Identifying logical flaws, assumptions, and evidence
  • Constructing a coherent and organized response
  • Expressing ideas clearly and logically
  • Provide appropriate examples to support your points

GMAT Verbal Syllabus

The Verbal section assesses your reading comprehension, critical reasoning, and sentence correction skills. It consists of three questions: Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and Sentence Correction. The GMAT Verbal syllabus section has 36 questions; you have 65 minutes to complete it.

Syllabus Overview

  • Reading Comprehension: You'll be presented with passages from various subjects and asked to answer questions about the main ideas, details, inferences, and author's tone.
  • Critical Reasoning: You'll analyze and evaluate arguments, identify assumptions, strengthen/weaken points, and draw conclusions based on provided information.
  • Sentence Correction: You'll correct sentences by identifying grammar, usage, and syntax errors while maintaining clarity and proper meaning.

Skills Assessed

  • Reading and understanding complex passages
  • Identifying key information, main ideas, and supporting details
  • Analyzing and evaluating arguments for logical flaws
  • Identifying errors in sentence structure, grammar, and usage
  • Choosing the most appropriate and clear sentence or phrasing

GMAT Quantitative Syllabus

The Quantitative section assesses your mathematical and quantitative reasoning skills. It consists of two types of questions: Problem-Solving and Data Sufficiency. The GMAT Quantitative syllabus has 31 questions and you have 62 minutes to complete it.

Syllabus Overview

  • Problem Solving: These multiple-choice questions require solving mathematical problems involving arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis.
  • Data Sufficiency: These questions test your ability to determine whether given data is sufficient to solve a problem. You'll need to analyze statements and decide whether each statement alone or both together is sufficient.

Skills Assessed

  • Applying mathematical concepts to solve problems
  • Analyzing and interpreting data presented in various forms (tables, graphs, etc.)
  • Identifying necessary and sufficient information to solve a problem
  • Recognizing and applying algebraic and geometric concepts
  • Making accurate calculations within time constraints

GMAT Integrated Reasoning Syllabus

The Integrated Reasoning section evaluates your ability to synthesize information from multiple sources, analyze data, and solve complex problems. It consists of four questions: Graphics Interpretation, Table Analysis, Multi-Source Reasoning, and Two-Part Analysis. The GMAT Integrated Reasoning syllabus section has 12 questions and you have 30 minutes to complete it.

Syllabus Overview

  • Graphics Interpretation: You'll interpret data presented in graphs, charts, and diagrams to answer questions.
  • Table Analysis: You'll analyze and interpret data presented in tables and make logical deductions.
  • Multi-Source Reasoning: You'll answer questions based on information from multiple sources, such as text passages, tables, and graphs.
  • Two-Part Analysis: These questions require solving problems by selecting two related answers from three options.

Skills Assessed

  • Synthesizing information from different sources
  • Interpreting data presented in graphical and tabular formats
  • Analyzing complex information and concluding
  • Solving problems using multiple pieces of information
  • Making strategic decisions based on provided data


Time Limits on Each Section of the GMAT Exam

time limit of gmat

Knowing the time limits for each section of the GMAT exam is an important part of preparing for the test.

Section No. of Questions Time Limit
Quantitative Reasoning 31 62 mins
Integrated Reasoning 12 30 mins
Analytical Writing Assessment 1 30 mins
Verbal Reasoning 36 65 mins

Scoring Criteria for Each Section of the GMAT Exam

gmat scoring criteria

When preparing to take the GMAT, it is important to understand the scoring criteria for each section. The GMAT syllabus consists of three main sections: Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA). To maximize performance and achieve a desirable score, it is important to familiarize yourself with each section's specific criteria.

Section Score
Quantitative Reasoning 6-51
Integrated Reasoning 1-8
Analytical Writing Assessment 0-6
Verbal Reasoning 6-51
Total Score 200-800

Navigating the complexities of the GMAT exam and its preparation, especially when delving into the intricacies of the GMAT syllabus, can be overwhelming for many prospective test-takers. From comprehending the nuances of each section to devising effective study strategies, there are myriad challenges to conquer on the path to GMAT success. Fortunately, seeking guidance from experts in the field of GMAT syllabus can offer invaluable support and direction, facilitating your journey with confidence and ease.


The GMAT is a challenging test that requires extensive studying and practice to achieve a high score. Understanding the GMAT syllabus and the types of questions that will be asked is an essential part of the preparation process. With a comprehensive syllabus knowledge, students can ensure they are fully prepared to take the GMAT and maximize their chances of success.

The GMAT syllabus is a comprehensive roadmap that assesses critical skills essential for success in business and management. From quantitative aptitude to verbal reasoning, the syllabus encapsulates the diverse abilities required of future leaders. Navigating through the syllabus not only prepares individuals for the GMAT exam but also hones their analytical thinking, decision-making, and communication skills – all crucial attributes for excelling in the ever-evolving business landscape.

Is scoring 750 in GMAT easy?

750 is a very good score on GMAT and scoring this may not be easy, one requires rigorous practice, regular revision, hard work, and dedication to achieve a score like this. The GMAT consists of four sections - Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Verbal Reasoning - each of which has its own set of topics and style of questions. A good understanding of the syllabus and a good amount of practice is essential to securing a good score on the GMAT. 

What is the syllabus for GMAT?

The syllabus for GMAT includes topics in analytical writing, integrated reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and verbal reasoning. Analytical writing requires students to analyze an argument and propose solutions. Integrated reasoning involves analyzing and synthesizing data from various sources. Quantitative reasoning tests the ability to solve mathematical problems, while verbal reasoning assesses the ability to read and comprehend written material. Each section of the GMAT has a specific time limit and is designed to evaluate a student's aptitude for graduate-level management studies.

Does GMAT syllabus change every year?

The GMAT syllabus is designed to assess the skills needed for success in graduate business programs. While the format of the GMAT has remained largely unchanged, the actual content of the exam does change periodically. Each year, the GMAT undergoes a rigorous review process to ensure that it remains valid and up-to-date. Consequently, changes to the syllabus are made as needed to reflect current trends in graduate business education. 

Can GMAT be cracked in 3 months?

Cracking the GMAT in a few months is certainly possible, but it requires dedication and a comprehensive understanding of the exam syllabus.  studying past papers and familiarising oneself with the exam structure and types of questions will help in preparing for the exam. With the right approach, time management, and study plan, it is possible to crack the GMAT in a few months.

What are the changes in the GMAT 2023 syllabus?

GMAC has introduced the GMAT Focus Edition. The GMAT Focus Edition syllabus and pattern are different from the current GMAT 2023 exam. Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) and Sentence Correction (SC) are not a part of the GMAT Focus Edition syllabus. A new section, called Data Insights (DI), has been introduced.

Know Your Author
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Abhyank Srinet
Study Abroad Expert

Abhyank Srinet, the founder of MiM-Essay, is a globally recognized expert in study abroad and admission consulting. His passion is helping students navigate the complex world of admissions and achieve their academic dreams. Abhyank earned a Master's degree in Management from ESCP Europe, where he developed his skills in data-driven marketing strategies, driving growth in some of the most competitive industries.

Abhyank has helped over 10,000+ students get into top business schools with a 98% success rate over the last seven years. He and his team offer thorough research, careful shortlisting, and efficient application management from a single platform.

His dedication to education also led him to create MentR-Me, an AI-powered platform that offers personalized guidance and resources, including profile evaluation, application assistance, and mentoring from alumni of top global institutions.

Continuously adopting the latest strategies, Abhyank is committed to ensuring that his clients receive the most effective guidance. His profound insights, extensive experience, and unwavering dedication have helped his clients securing of over 100 crores in scholarships, making him an invaluable asset for individuals aiming to advance their education and careers and leading both his ventures to seven-figure revenues.

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