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GMAT Syllabus 2021 And How it Impacts Your Preparation: Check Section Wise Detail

GMAT syllabus 2021 and how it impacts your preparation is important to know for a GMAT candidate. Graduate Management Admission Council, also called GMAC, conducts the Graduate Management Admission test for admission in the MBA program. This exam is Computer Adaptive Test.

 Understanding the syllabus and exam pattern of exam is the first step in preparation. This post will provide one with a deep and analytical understanding of the syllabus and exam pattern of the GMAT exam with a detailed description of each section of the GMAT syllabus. It will be helpful in the GMAT exam 2021.

 By reading the below information, one can easily understand the GMAT syllabus and exam pattern.

 GMAT Exam syllabus

The GMAT exam has four major sections:

  • Analytical Writing Assessment
  • Integrated reasoning
  • Quantitative reasoning
  • Verbal reasoning 

The GMAT asks questions from these four sections examination AWA section tests one analytical and critical thinking ability. In contrast, Integrated reasoning tests one reasoning ability, and Quantitative reasoning asks geometry, algebra, and arithmetic-related questions. Verbal reasoning is the part of the GMAT exam syllabus which checks the critical reasoning of the candidate.

 Before understanding each of the section of the GMAT exam syllabus has a look at the exam pattern

 GMAT Exam pattern

GMAT Exam pattern has 4 significant sections (Analytical writing assessment, Integrated reasoning, Quantitative reasoning, and verbal reasoning). Moreover, the total time allotted in the GMAT examination is 3 hours and 7 minutes. AWA section contains 1 question, 12 questions from Integrated reasoning,31 questions from Quantitative reasoning, and 36 questions from verbal reasoning. The point which one should note is that one can take an optional break of 10 minutes after attempting the Analytical Writing Assessment question and Integrated reasoning section. Also, one has same optional break after the Quantitative reasoning section.



 Number of Questions

Analytical Writing Assessment


Integrated Reasoning


Quantitative Reasoning


Verbal reasoning


Now have a look at the detailed description of each section:

GMAT Syllabus 2021

GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment

 AWA is one of the most analytical section of the GMAT examination. one need to write an essay as the answer of this section topic can be related to general topics, and business and this section is divided into two significant parts those are Argument essay and Issue essay,

 Argument essay

In an argument essay, candidate has a topic. one needs to analyze the argument and provide one’s answer in the essay form with relevant facts and information. This part evaluates one’s ability to provide a reasonable answer to an argument. Hence one must write an essay with appropriate facts and information, making one’s essay more fact-based.

 Issue essay

 In this part of the Analytical Writing Assessment, candidate has Issue statement to write the essay. He has to write an essay on that issue. This part of the Analytical Writing Assessment requires analyzing the issue with right and information-based justification.

 Here are the abilities which Analytical Writing Assessment checks

  •  Critical Thinking ability
  • Analytical ability
  • Writing skills as one need to write an essay in this section
  • How one can present one’s thought in a suitable format
  • How one can provide the reason for an argument

GMAT Quantitative Reasoning

The quantitative reasoning section of the GMAT Exam syllabus consists of questions regarding Geometry, Arithmetic, Algebra, and word problems, and mathematical operations. Like the Analytical Writing Assessment Quantitative reasoning section has two sub-sections.

 Problem Solving

 In this sub-section of Quantitative reasoning, one has to analyze the statements and evaluate whether provided data is enough to find the answer to the given question.  Data sufficiency section has these kind of questions. The name suggests that through analyzing data, one has to evaluate the answer to the given questions. Eighteen questions are asked in Data sufficiency has 18 questions

 Data Sufficiency

 It generally contains questions related to Arithmetic, Geometry, Algebra, and word problems. Questions are asked from these topics and Ratio proportion, Linear equations, and other mathematical topics. This section tests the ability of the candidate to solve mathematical operations.

 List of Topics of Data sufficiency

  •  Arithmetic
  •  Algebra
  •  Geometry
  •  Word Problems
  •  Mathematical equations
  •  Ratio and proportion
  •  Fraction and Decimals 
GMAT Syllabus 2021

GMAT verbal Reasoning

 The verbal reasoning section has 36 questions, and it is divided into three parts

  •  Critical reasoning 
  • Reading Comprehension 
  • Sentence Correction


Critical reasoning

 Questions are related to analyzing argument and statement

 Reading Comprehension

 Reading comprehension is the subsection of the Verbal section, which checks the language skills of the candidate and passages are given, and the candidate has to find answers to the questions from the passage.

 Sentence Correction

 It is the section that checked the language skills of the candidate by asking the questions that are related to sentence structuring and language testing.

 GMAT Integrated Reasoning

 The integrated Reasoning section is recently added to the GMAT syllabus. This section asked questions related to table formats and graphs related questions. This section is also divided into three major parts.

 Multi-source reasoning

 Graphics Interpretation

 Table analysis

 Two-part analysis


Multi sourcing Reasoning

 Multi sourcing questions are based on interrupting information and data by analyzing tables, graphics, and other information from multiple sources. Hence one needs analytical and critical skills to attempt this part of the GMAT syllabus.

 Graphics Interpretation

 As the name suggests, it is about graphics; hence, one needs to answer the questions based on graphs.

 Table Analysis

 It contains the questions that are based on table analysis and making the analysis based on table representation. One needs to evaluate the information from the table and need to analyze that information to phrase one’s answer.

 Two-Part analysis

The two-part analysis is based on solving the questions that are trickier and hard to be solved and need the ability to solve the questions with more analyzing and critical thinking. Two-part analysis tests the candidate’s ability to analyze and solve the equations with more focus simultaneous thinking two equations.

 GMAT exam needs majorly critical and analytical skills to solve the questions. Quantitative and verbal sections are the main sections considered for the evaluation of the mark Analytical Writing Assessment. Integrated reasoning sections are considered after the Quantitative and verbal part; hence one should focus more on the Quantitative and Verbal reasoning section. These are essential sections for the GMAT examination. One can practice for these sections from GMAT preparation books.


As already stated, before starting preparation for any exam, one needs to understand the exam syllabus. Likewise, a candidate who wants to pursue MBA in national and international universities must have a good GMAT score as most of the Universities accepts this GMAT exam score. For scoring good in this examination, one needs to prepare well and understand the syllabus of the GMAT examination. This post will help to understand the syllabus of the GMAT exam 2021 in the right direction.

 The GMAT syllabus only consists of four sections mentioned above, but it is necessary to evaluate each section in detail. For example, each section has sub-sections, and subsections consist of various topics. Like in the Verbal reasoning section, divided into three sub-sections, critical reasoning, reading comprehension, and sentence correction, other sections are also divided into subsections. They need to be analyzed, and it is time taking task to analyze the GMAT syllabus for each section. However, by reading this blog, one can quickly have a detailed and thorough understanding of the GMAT exam 2021. One can have various doubts and questions regarding the GMAT exam 2021, and one can get one’s doubt clear by reading the following FAQ’S



 Q1 What are the topics that are asked in the GMAT examination?

 Questions are asked from the significant four sections: AWA (Analytical Writing Assessment), Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative reasoning, and Verbal reasoning. All these sections have sub-sections


AWA (Analytical Writing Assessment)

 Argument Essay and Issue essay

 Integrated reasoning

 Multi-source reasoning

 Graphics Interpretation

 Table analysis

 Two-part analysis

 Quantitative reasoning


 Data sufficiency

 Verbal reasoning

 Critical reasoning

 Reading Comprehension

 Sentence correction

 Q2 What are the topics one should study in Quantitative reasoning?

 Quantitative reasoning questions are based on the 10th standard mathematical syllabus like Ratio and proportion, fraction and decimals, and more.

 Q3 Is the GMAT exam is too tough to score well?

 As any exam demands a good preparation strategy and step-by-step guidance, and a proper understanding of the exam syllabus and pattern, one needs to study hard. With an effective strategy to score well in the GMAT exam, international universities accept the GMAT score. If someone prepares with dedication and a right and well-planned strategy, he can score well in the GMTA Exam.

 Q4 Which is the section on which one should focus more?

 All the sections of the GMAT exam 2021 syllabus should be studied with focus. However, Quantitative reasoning and Verbal reasoning are the sections that require more focus. These two sections have more importance in making one’s score well in the GMAT examination.

 Q5 Is the GMAT score accepted by all the national and international universities?

 Most of the National and International Universities consider GMAT scores. It is the popular examination for studying in International universities to pursue an MBA or any other business-related program.

 Q6 Is GMAT follows CAT format?

 GMAT is a Computer adaptive examination which means that one’s next question depends on one’s previous questions. For example, if one gives the wrong answer to the previous question, the next question will have an easy level. It leads one’s score down; hence one needs to be aware of this CAT format.

 Q7 What is the first step for the preparation for GMAT Exam?

 The first step in preparing for the GMAT Exam is understanding the syllabus of the exam. The syllabus is the first step in preparing any examination, so one needs to analyze, understand, and have a proper understanding of the GMAT syllabus.

 Q8 What is the syllabus for the AWA section?

This section contains questions on argument and issue, which means that it is a more analytical and critical part of the GMAT Exam. One needs to prepare hard for this examination and focus on essay writing skills to score good in GMAT exam. One has to write an essay on a given argument and issue.


 GMAT EXAM 2021 syllabus is explained above, and one can also have answers to one’s questions by looking at the FAQ.

 Moreover, for Making an effective strategy, one should have a proper look at the syllabus of GMAT Exam 2021 and focus on those sections that are more important for the GMAT score. People who want to pursue MBA from abroad need to be aware of the GMAT exam. It is the primary examination for getting admission to any abroad university to pursue MBA and achieving one’s goal.

 All the GMAT Exam syllabus sections are essential to be viewed. When one starts preparing, one will have a proper and deep understanding of the GMAT Exam.