STUDY GUIDE TO AUSTRALIA
WHY STUDY IN AUSTRALIA?
The most popular programs among aspirants seeking admission in an Australian university include business management, engineering, medical, accounting, IT, and languages. However, in recent years the demand for specialized or niche courses has risen exponentially.
Below are some of the most sought after and popular courses to study in Australia in no rank or order:
- Artificial Intelligence
- Business Management
- Civil Engineering
- Cyber Security
- Cloud Computing
- Computer programming
- Computer Animation
- Data Science
- Product Design
- Property Management
- Public Health
- Software Engineering
- Web Development
- Fashion Design
- Forensic Science
- Graphic Design
- Hotel Management
- International Business
- International Relations
- Industrial Design
- Interior Design
- Environmental Science
- Electrical Engineering
- Master’s in Management
- Master’s in Project Management
- Mental Health
Reach and Network Opportunities
Australia is a specimen of rich cultural diversity with an ethnically diverse population. The three main factors responsible for this melting pot of multicultural ingredients are:
Australia’s vibrant and diverse demography has led to the merge of distinct cultures from all around the world since the 1700’s when the first migrants came from Europe and later Asia joined with its incredible cultural history and multiple ethnicities. Australia is now home to around 100 religions and more than 300 ethnic bodies. This overall diversity has given shape to the contemporary culture that Australia is today. Such a unique cultural pattern makes Australia a favourable and comfortable place for people from different backgrounds and nationalities to abode in. The census data of the Australian Bureau of Statistics specifies how 58% of Australia’s total population growth is a result of overseas migration wherein one in every five households speaks a language other than English.
Jobs and Salaries
According to research by QS, the salary trends for an MBA graduate in Australia are US$98,400, and this can further go up to a total compensation package of US$117,000.
Education System in Australia
When it comes to the higher education system in Australia, there is always an assurance of the unparalleled quality of education along with its valuable internationally recognized qualifications and degrees. Australia is home to around 125 registered higher education bodies along with more than 43 universities. The Australian Universities are always ranked among the top 100 Universities in the world across many recognized forums and world ranking charts. These exceptional qualities and prospects of the Australian education system provide an avenue for international students to aim and study here while at the same time creating diversity and aiding in the development of the overall economy of the country
Types of Higher Education Institutes in Australia
The higher education institutes in Australia is mostly comprised of private colleges, private universities, public universities, and TAFE (Technical and Further Education) institutions.
The private colleges in Australia are in huge numbers, but their quality of education may differ from college to college. However, these private colleges are now been shut down by the government of Australia in the wake of eliminating sub-standard quality of education since the education fees are still on the high end.
There are only 3 private universities in Australia now. These universities are created with a specific purpose wherein they cater to provide courses that can be completed in the short term or period.
Public or government-aided universities are considered as the most sought after and prestigious universities in Australia. They provide a high quality of education with a well-built foundation of research-based institutions and skills enhancing universities. These universities are mostly located in the main cities of Australia with its branches spread across the small towns to make it more accessible for the local students as well as to reduce the cost of living in major cities while all along maintaining the same quality of education.
TAFE (Technical and Further Education)
These types of institutions are created mainly by the state governments of territory to provide an educational platform with specialized, unconventional vocational courses and apprenticeship courses, which are mostly inclined towards providing diploma and certificate courses.
Due to its wide geographical spread of around 7.5 million square kilometers, Australia has a very distinct climate pattern. The most prominent feature of climate here is its complete reverse season period from the northern hemisphere.
Lifestyle in Australia
Australia is one of the few countries in the world where the lifestyle of the people is mostly young, easy-going, open-minded, and casual. With its varied cultural diversity and natural beauty, it creates an ideal set-up for people to enjoy and experience the comfort and luxuries of life and nature. Australia is a modern country where the importance of creating a wholesome experience in their social and private lives is always maintained. Some of the most peculiar lifestyle choices that are mandatory for all people living in Australia are as follows:
Littering and drinking alcohol in public places is against the law in Australia
As mentioned previously, Australians maintain a very casual outlook on most of the things among which they refer to their lecturers and professors in university by their first names.
Australians have developed a culture of laid back lifestyle while at the same time following a very formal etiquette pattern, for instance, it is customary to treat everyone equally irrespective of their class or race by thanking any service staff whether he is a waiter or a manager.
Day to Day Life
When talking about the normal daily life of Australians in general, we come across a plethora of different ways an Aussie enjoys their life. The major cities in Australia provide a very comfortable and spacious environment for people to relax and take part in leisure activities. In contrast, Australia is also home to many vivid and beautiful landscapes that the common public can extensively use for the enjoyment of sports and other adventure activities. Their love for outdoor activities in the form of running, swimming, skating, surfing, hiking, or just strolling along the beach has become a staple representation of Australians.
Australia is one of the most vibrant and enthralling places in the world with its varied social activities. Events and festivals are occurring throughout the year, thus presenting a rich palette with everything one can imagine.
The cities in Australia play host to many events and festivals from film festivals, comedy shows to visual, design exhibitions, and community events.
The sports events in Australia represent the social life of Australians in a way that breaks all barriers, and people just bond with each other in the most natural way possible. Some of the most popular sports events in Australia are the Australian Open, Sydney to Hobart yacht race, and many others.
HOW TO GET ADMISSION IN AUSTRALIA UNIVERSITY
How to apply to Australia Universities
The most important part of this whole student guide to Australia is the process of how to apply for your desired courses and universities. When the subject of the application comes into question for specifically a master’s program in Australia, firstly, one must keep in mind and research the visa policies of Australia and if their country fulfils those requirements or not. Secondly, the aspirant has to choose between the two methods used for applying in Australian universities.
Most of the Universities in Australia follow a similar pattern when it comes to the documents required for the application process. These documents are:
- Your details
- Certified proof of your English proficiency through any of the tests available
- Your academic transcripts
- A summary of your employment experience
- Application fee
- Your passport details
- Bank details
- Late October to mid-November for admissions in the first semester
- Late April to mid- May for admissions in the second semester
- Intake Sessions
- Australia has major two intake sessions which are:
- The first intake starts from late February till early January to late may till early June.
- The second intake starts from late July and early august stretching till November.
While choosing the intake, one must consider the different factors surrounding the decision-making process. These factors are range from the entrance exam scorecards, your readiness to join the university, the availability of your desired course, your academic records, job opportunities, and the specific requirements of a university.
Exams required for admission in Australia Universities
An applicant must present the necessary documents among which the English language requirement and Academic requirements are the most important.
For English language requirements there are standardized tests to assess you and grade you on your English proficiency conducted mainly for non-English speaking countries. The most recognizable ones are IELTS, TOEFL, and PTE.
-The international English language testing system is an international standardized English language proficiency test for non-native English-speaking countries. There are around 48 test dates available throughout the year with each test center conducting a total of four tests per month. There is no limit to the number of attempts in IELTS. The fee structure of IELTS currently ranges under the bracket of 14000 INR OR US$200. The average time a student should spend in their IELTS preparation ranges between 8-10 weeks depending upon the capability and knowledge of the student. The IELTS scores are valid for a total of two years.
-Test of English as a Foreign Language is another English proficiency test that is accepted in the universities of Australia. The criteria for this test is similar to that of IELTS. Recently the TOEFL iBT has been introduced for a student seeking to give their test in an online mode. There is no limitation concerning the number of attempts one can take. The approximate application fees for this test are 12,950 INR or US$185. The aspirant preparing for this test should dedicate 8-10 weeks before the test. The validity of this test is two years.
-PTE Academic is another English language test conducted for non-native English-speaking residents. This exam score is accepted by all Universities in Australia including the state universities. There is again no limitation on the number of times a person appears for the test. The application fees for this exam is around 13,300 INR or US$190. One can prepare for this test either through self-study or through extra classes or coaching. It would be better if one gives 3-4 months for the preparation of this test.
For Academic requirement, there are again standardized tests available which are accepted in most of the countries. These tests are GMAT, GRE, etc. which are mainly conducted for students seeking admission in masters in business or management.
-This is one of the most popular exams when it comes to masters in business or management programs. As Australia is one of the top countries for the MBA study, naturally GMAT score becomes even more important. The application fees for the GMAT exam is 14000 INR or US$200. The best way to prepare for a GMAT exam is either self-study or through coaching. The optimum duration, a student should prepare for the exam ranges from 4-6 months. There is a limitation when it comes to the number of attempts a student can expect to take for GMAT, which is eight times throughout his lifetime.
-Most of the universities in Australia does not accept a GRE score.
Cost of Living In Australia
- Daily Expenses
- Utilities (electricity, heating, cooling)-A$34 to $222.30 per month
- Groceries and eat-outs- A$85 to $290 per week
- Phone and internet- A$20 to $55 per week
- Entertainment- A$80 to $150 per week
- Accommodation Cost
- Houses rent for 1 room in the major cities- A$1700
- Travel Cost
- House rent for 1 room in the outside center cities- A$1200
- House rent for 3 rooms in the major cities- A$ 2900
- House rent for 3 rooms in the outside center cities- A$ 1990
- Public transport- A$ 15- $55
- Houses rent for 1 room in the major cities- A$1700
SCHOLARSHIPS AVAILABLE FOR AUSTRALIA UNIVERSITY
For any kind of scholarship program in Australia, one needs to fulfill certain criteria where the documentation before applying for the scholarship comes into the forefront. Mentioned below are some of the most common documents required in the universities of Australia.
- Scholarship application form (filled)
- Copy of your academic degree and certificates
- Copy of your passport
- Statement of purpose
- Test scores of (GMAT, GRE, SAT, GPA)
- Letter of Recommendation
- Proof of your English Proficiency through tests such as (IELTS, TOEFL, PTE)
Every university has its criteria and clauses regarding the scholarship programs. But some eligibility criteria are universal in most of the universities for instance a good academic score as well as English language proficiency. Other important factors that could determine your chances of getting hold of a scholarship are volunteering works, extracurricular activities, or written assignments for a research-centric program.
Other Loan Options
In case a student is not granted a scholarship, then the next best option is to go for a student loan. There are a lot of educational loan programs created specifically for students who want to study in Australia. There exist two major ways to procure a loan. The more preferable and favorable option would be through PSU’s, which offer the best security loans at a rather lower rate of interest. On the other hand, the student can also opt for an unsecured education loan from private banks. Here, the private banks charge very low rates of interest along with the added benefits in tax and lower processing fees.
When applying for a student loan to study masters in Australia University, one must keep in mind these few parameters:
- The interest rate
- The loan duration
- Processing fee
- Money margin
- Expenses covered
- Payment terms and conditions
Visa Guide to Australia
Types of Australia Visas
When applying for higher education in Australia, one must consider all the prerequisites of the visa policies for that particular program beforehand, so the decision process becomes simpler.
The main types of visas for higher education in Australia are:
- Visa subclass 570 which is applicable for international students who want to study ELICOS
- Visa subclass 574 which is applicable for international students who want to study in postgraduate programs
- Visa subclass 572 which is applicable for international students who want to study a vocational or diploma course
- Visa subclass 573 which is applicable for international students who want to pursue undergraduate programs
The mandatory documents that you will need are:
- A valid passport
- Proof of your enrolment
- Visa application fee slip
- GTE statement
- GRE/GMAT score cards in case of management programs
- English proficiency test scores
- Financial ability proofs
- Proof of temporary stay
- Passport-sized photograph
- Statement of purpose
- Health insurance policy document
How to get Australia Visa?
First and foremost, when applying for a student visa for Australia, you will need to provide the offer letter given by the University that you want to study in as a way of confirming your legit enrolment in that university. This information can be filled on the visa application form via online mode. Under certain circumstances wherein a student decides to change his/her course after moving to Australia will have to apply for the visa again under the updated course of their choice.
The maximum duration a student can stay in Australia under a student visa is five years.
After completing your graduation or post-graduation from an Australia University, the next step a student must take is to get employment in Australia for which they are required to get hold of a work permit visa. As there is a constant need for skilled laborers in most of the sectors in Australia, the prospects of landing a job under the need of hours happen to create a favourable career path for oneself. There appear to be two kinds of work permit visas for an international student in Australia.
Graduate work stream- the work permit visa granted to students who studied more specifically a vocational course, or a training course stays valid for 18 months.
Postgraduate work stream-The work permit visa granted to students who have completed their graduate, or postgraduate programs can expect the validity of the same to stretch up to 2 years.
POST STUDY OPTIONS
Apply for further studies in Australia
Many international students stay back in Australia to continue their further higher studies to gain advanced skills and training, which will eventually help in getting hold of their desired job. However, they need to apply for a new student visa before the current one expires and also apply for the new course, they wish to study in. But, most importantly one needs to be sure about his/her financial status.
Apply for work permit visa on the prospects of pursuing a career in Australia
As an international student, you can also continue your stay in Australia by pursuing a career route wherein, you can find employment opportunities in Australia post-graduation. The employer can sponsor your stay on a permanent or temporary basis through the Employer Nomination Scheme Visa.
Apply for permanent residency in Australia
Another option to stay permanently in Australia is to apply for permanent residency. This way the student can stay for the endless duration while aiming for a career permanently in Australia. Some of the ways through which an international student can apply for Permanent Residency are:
- Skill select migration program
- Regional sponsored migration scheme
- Employer nomination scheme
- Skill independent visa
Return to your home country
Post completing their graduation, if an international student has no plans for further education, traveling, or work plans, then they can return to their home country soon after completing their study in Australia. Nonetheless, they still can look out for job opportunities in their home country, which will be a lot easier task than in Australia