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Student Guide to Germany

Why study in Germany?

Germany has become a hub for higher education. The reason being it’s overall positioned colleges, universally esteemed degrees, and endless courses to browse that give high employability. Here is no uncertainty as to why Germany is positioned among the world’s top destinations for international studies. As indicated by insights, Germany has more than 357,000 international students and the number is quickly expanding. All through Germany, one has a wide scope of subjects and professions to seek after.
study guide to germany university building
If you have an interest in management, engineering, scientific discoveries, and mechanical advances, at that point a few colleges in Germany can satisfy your interest. Discussing the time we are living in, advanced education has become a need however not every place provides affordable education. That is the place Germany comes in. It is the only nation whose universities don’t charge any tuition expenses. Students just have to submit the administration, student union cost, and public transport ticket costing a sum of €250 every
semester. Some of the smartest people on the planet come to Germany to present ground-breaking thoughts, introduce new ideas, approaches, and set up innovation organizations. Germany holds a long, rich history of craftsmanship, music, and writing. You can appreciate social occasions, drama, theaters, workmanship displays, and visit a noteworthy exhibition hall.

Programs Available

German higher institutions are presently adjusting the three-cycle degree framework, otherwise called the Bologna Process. Accordingly, the former one-tier programs are being supplanted by the new framework. Bachelors and Masters are now provided at most institutions without the long integrated programs, aside from law and medicine. These programs give students the assortment and adaptability to plan and seek educational objectives likewise enhances upgrade worldwide similarity of studies.
study guide to germany university building
Higher education establishments offer various programs in English to draw an enormous number of foreign students. Right now, Ph.D. or Doctorate programs are not subject to state guidelines, but there is a high tendency towards more integrated programs.

Germany gives Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Ph.D. programs in pretty much every field. Students can pick the degree programs that appeal to them. Here are a few subjects which you can attend in a German college:

● Business Administration
● Mechanical Engineering
● Economics
● Biology
● Computer Science
● Environmental Sciences

Reach and network opportunities

Germany is known to offer incredible opportunities to international students that include networking as well. With students coming from all over the world, helps one to build significant associations or connections, live with the distinctions, and value it. Every individual has something to bring to the table which others ought to gain from. Other than studies, students can take an interest in events and recreation activities.
study guide to germany-network opportunities
It is also a great way to connect with students from the home nation. A variety of programs, master courses taught in English, affordable study, great emphasis on students’ hand-on understanding, award-winning educational plans, and excellent
future possibilities is the thing that makes Germany best for a master’s degree. The job fairs and networking occasions after the completion of the course help to fabricate connections that can be fruitful in a long run.

Cultural Diversity

Germany comes under the most crowded European countries in the world. This cutting edge, the cosmopolitan nation has formed into an immigration country where individuals from the whole way across the world come to. Individuals in Germany have high living standards. The international students are around 13.2% in all college students in Germany. The vast majority of the international students in German universities come from China, France, India, Turkey, Italy, Australia, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Russia, and Australia. It shows how culturally diverse the German country is. It will help students in getting to know new individuals, culture, conventions, and interests.

Education System in Germany

German Education framework is viewed as truly outstanding in the world with a noteworthy number of foreign students. The higher education institutions are exceptionally acclaimed and accredited. Going by the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), 6 of the best 100 and 18 of the best 200 colleges are established in Germany. Education in the country is free for each one of those studying in public universities and foundations.
Student guide to germany-education
It is because Germans’ education should not hold a business tag; additionally, free education helps in the development of the economy and prosperity of individuals. Master’s programs are either continuous or non-successive. Consecutive master’s programs follow with the related under-graduation course and do not cost a lot of charges though non-consecutive programs are centered on particular regions of study. These programs charge expenses and some even require proficient experience to be qualified.

Types of Higher Education Institutes in Germany

Higher education in Germany is divided into two classes: state-funded universities and private state-recognized institutions. There are around 355 authoritatively recognized institutions throughout the country. The kind of institution that is right for you will rely upon your
inclinations and career goals. These are the types of universities that exist in Germany:

Universities (Universität) or Technical University (Technische Hochschule)
These are the traditional universities and since the greater part of them have a solid specialized hold, they are known as Technical University. Presently, these universities have also started to focus on social sciences and humanities. Research and teaching go connected to these universities. The departments include humanities, natural sciences, social sciences, financial aspects, and teacher training. Some universities center in one territory of specialization that can be clinical, sports, and sciences.

Universities of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschule)
As the name suggests, the primary focus is on the area of practical information. These Universities were shaped for trained experts in the international competitive market. The speakers here are typically experienced, professionals. The greater part of them are managers of organizations who know exactly what companies want from future workers.

Colleges of art / Colleges of music (Kunsthochschule/Musikhochschule)
These colleges in Germany are best for individuals who want to make a profession as a painter, composer, entertainer, and musician. There are around 52 recognized universities of painting, art, and music in the nation. Practical training is given by some of the renowned directors, musicians, and artists. Admissions in these colleges are a serious task as there are restricted seats available.

Private and Church Sponsored Institutions
Those who want to go for church-run institutions for higher studies, Germany have 41. These institutions offer degree programs and are well perceived by the state. Male and female students can pursue a preparation to be a teacher or a minister and can also consider studying church music.

Jobs & Salaries (Management, MBA related Jobs only)

Individuals knowing how to manage a company and compile its strategies created a difference between success and failure. All organizations whether a private sector or a public sector needs people who have the intricacies of business, management, and economics. Just so we rely so much on our business working well and our economic growth, and providing us with employment and salary, the people in these degrees( management, MBA, business administration, finance) get an income of €65,404- €75,000.

About Germany

Germany is considered as a diverse, energizing, and astonishing country. This nation has consistently got something to offer even though you have lived here for a considerable length of time. From food to music, language, sports, history, culture, there is so much around to look at. It is a birth spot of numerous renowned writers and scholars like Immanuel Kant, Goethe, Hegel, Brecht, Humboldt, and so forth. Germany is an abode to 82 million individuals that comprises 60% to 70% of
Student guide to germany- culture
Christians, 29% of which are Catholics, 4.4% of the Muslim minority, and around 36% recognize themselves as not having any religion. Together they all make it a nation of qualities, customs, and interesting festivals. So far, the best part about Germany is its work rate is truly low.

Climate

The atmosphere of Germany is typically moderate with no outrageous high temperatures in summer and deep, prolonged ice in winter. Rains are unpredictable and normal during all seasons. The normal monthly January daytime temperature is 3° C, on July 22° C, in winters the temperature at times comes to – 10°C and in 35° C in summers. Because of various mountains and hilly areas, there is a lot of variety in the climate all through the nation. Even at a distance of hundred kilometers, one can discover enormous contrast in temperature. It is hotter towards the south in summer, while in winter months it is the other way.

Lifestyle

German people in general put punctuality as a high priority. Henceforth the trains in Germany are frequently run on schedule. Individuals here will respect each other’s privacy and above all submit to the laws of society to a serious extent. Discussing family and network, Germans attach a great deal of significance to them. This is the way the systematic idea of German comes into the picture: If everybody in the general follows rules well and gets things done correctly, the public will uplift making it a decent spot to live in. Germany shares a lot of customs from its German-talking countries Switzerland and Austria. From a spectator’s perspective, hiking,
delicious sausage, good beer, and holidaying make to up the majority of the nation’s character. Germans are exceptionally fond of socializing and like to enjoy the intriguing discussion.

Day to day life

Germany is a receptive and open-minded society. The nation has an incredible opportunity, high proficiency, and exclusive expectation of living. They follow rules carefully and timeliness is critical to them. Individuals in Germany, on a normal basis, work 35-40 hours a week. This is viewed as one of the most reduced in Europe. Nonetheless, profitability isn’t hampered. Germans invest heavily in working superbly. At the point when not working, they like to connect with themselves in relaxation exercises. About the food they eat, Germans on an everyday premise like to have prepared breakfast, lunch, and dinner of bread, ham, pickle, and cheese.

Social activities

Sports have an important place in Germany. In every third family, there is an individual who has a place with a game’s club or association. Hundreds and thousands watch football, ice hockey, and handball match-ups each week. For students, alongside sports, the university gives a wide scope of extra-curricular activities that includes drama, music, art, and science exercises. The spots pertinent to courses of study like exhibition halls, art displays, theaters, shows, religious sites, historical sites,

Student guide to germany - social activities
scientific companies, and projects are all important for school life. Sundays are off for everyone that implies general stores are also shut so in case you need to purchase
food supplies make a point to visit on Saturdays.

How to get admission in Germany Universities

Germany has been a dream destination for international students but it’s not a cakewalk. To get a confirmation at a German college isn’t a simple errand. Admission criteria are set exceptionally high. To be qualified for Under-graduate courses 90% or more is required.
Additionally, students are relied upon to finish 1 year of Bachelor’s or show up for the Fa test. To demonstrate their effectiveness in the language, students also need to show up
Student guide to germany - Admissions
the ILETS or TOEFL scores. For post-graduation, students ought to have scored 70% or more in their graduation from presumed college. They will also need to appear for GRE and score above 300 to build their odds of affirmation.

How to apply to German universities?

To apply at a German University begin doing research three months before the application process. This will give you a sufficient chance to choose which courses, projects or college matches is ideal to your advantage.

Select the University

Since you have picked Germany as your study destination, it’s an ideal opportunity to choose the correct course and college. For this, one can take at the information of German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) which has around 2,000 programs to look from, with 1,389 for English. If you need to find an appropriate college, look at the most recent rankings of the top colleges in Germany. Do an exhaustive analysis, compare them, see with which college your advantage coordinates, and further limit down the ones you need to join.

Check the admission criteria

After selecting the university, look at all the admission prerequisites. For this reason, check the site of the college and go to the admission area. To study in the German language, you have to have Hochschulzugangsberechtigung (HZB), which signifies
the advanced education entrance capability at exactly that point you are qualified. Similarly, if your course is educated in the English language, you have to demonstrate your capability in language by giving IELTS or TOEFL. Colleges for the most part mention the
scores on their site, so try to check them.

Enough finances

To satisfy the requirements of a student visa, you need to have proof that you hold €8,700 in your bank account. This is the yearly cost you ought to need to take care of your living expenses in Germany. It is the minimum add up to get qualified, although you may realize you need more or less upon the life you have there.

Apply

In numerous German universities, it is possible to apply two times per year- applications for winters should be made by July, and applications for summers should be made by January. Application deadlines can change between colleges/establishments so make a
point to check the dates as often as possible. It is recommended to present the application a month and a half before the deadline, so in case any adjustments need to be made, it will be conceivable.

Documents required

There are specific documents required from the universities that you need to submit:
● A passport size photograph
● Passport copy (personal information and photo ID page)
● A copy of any previous degree, diploma, and any relevant qualifications
● Proof of language capability (Test scores)
● Translated overview of your course modules and grades

You also need to pay an application expense. A few universities also ask you to send a letter from an essay/motivation to why you need to join a specific course. You have to include why you picked that particular college for your higher education with your past internship/work experience. Aside from the documents mentioned above, there are few other documents you may need to submit based on the course and university dependent on the course and college. It incorporates:
Student guide to germany - Applications
● Resume & Letter of recommendation
● GMAT/GRE test certifications
● Health insurance letter
● Medical authentication
● Translations of certificate (if asked)
● Test AS certificate
● Fund proof (if asked)

Timeline

For every German university, the academic year is divided into 2 semesters. This implies that academic programs can begin in winter as well as summers. There are no predetermined dates that mark the start of the course, every university has its application timeline. It is up to you which semester you want to target and plan all the undertakings. For the summer semester, the application timeline starts in the earliest of December to 15 January. For winters, it is from the beginning of April to 15 July. Students can hope to receive a response within 4-6 weeks of the application deadline, be it July or January. During this time you should obtain a passport, qualify IELTS, clear GRE, have records and degree declaration, build your CV, prepare your SOP, prepare your LORs, travel insurance, medical coverage, and have a blocked account.

Intake sessions

There are two categories of intake sessions in Germany:

Winter intake: Winter intake is primary admission beginning from September/October and finishing off in February/March. The application system starts in April and the deadline falls in mid-July. All universities and foundations in Germany offer a large
number of courses for Winter intake.

Summer intake: Summer intake is for students who in one way or the other have missed out on Winter intake. For Summer admission one needs to apply in April. The major drawback here is, there is less number of courses compared to Winter admission. The
application procedure for Summer intake starts from December till mid-January.

Exams required for admission in Germany

There are different exams that students need to take while seeking higher education, particularly in a foreign country. Ensure you begin planning and taking language tests right on time to meet deadlines. Some of the entrance tests you need to take are:

IELTS (International English Language Testing System)
IELTS is acknowledged as proof of how much proficiency you hold in the English language. The certificate of IELTS is

Student Guide to Germany - Exams
legitimate for two years. The test is categorized into four areas: listening, reading, speaking, and writing. The test fees cost Rs. 14.000 (160 Euros).
TOEFL (Test of English as Foreign Language)
The test aims to check whether an individual can comprehend and communicate in Standard English. Much the same as IELTS, the test of TOEFL is also separated into the same parts. Each part holds 30 marks, making it a sum of 120 from which the candidate needs to score. This test checks the candidate’s capacity to comprehend and convey the German language. Practically all German colleges acknowledge the test, however, the score requests are diverse in the colleges. In case you are intending to take up a course in the German Language, you would need to show your proficiency by giving off these tests.

TestDAF (Test of German as a Foreign Language)
This test checks the applicant’s ability to understand and convey the German language. Practically all German universities accept the test, however, the score demands are different in the colleges.

● DSH
It is a university-specific exam led by German universities independently. Numerous universities accept the DSH score given by the different universities, while others decide to take an internal DSH test. With the language proficiency test, the university will also ask for aptitude tests. Those are as per the following:

GRE (Graduate Record Examination )
GRE test is considered as a measure of aptitude for postgraduate courses worldwide. This test is important to be qualified for high education universities/institutions, particularly if you want to pursue engineering. Different universities in Germany accept
the GRE score is essential for admission.

GMAT (Graduate Management Aptitude Test)
To seek after post-graduation courses in management/business/finance, GMAT is required. The test includes four segments: quantitative reasoning, integrated reasoning, analytical writing assessment, and verbal thinking. GMAT tests the aptitude of students who wish to do an MBA in Germany.

Cost of living in Germany

In comparison with other European nations, the average cost for basic items in Germany is quite affordable. Expenses of food, apparel, housing, internet, and cultural activities are close to the EU normal, except the housing cost is a bit high. According to insights, students in Germany spend on average, around €830 per month on everyday costs. The measure of cash one needs relies upon how economical they are. In this way, one can likewise get along going through less cash, though somebody spends more.
Student Guide to Germany - Cost of living

Daily expenses

Monthly utilities like internet, electricity, heating, and gas can add between €100 – 180 to overall living costs. For food, you may have to pay up to €160. If searching for cheaper markets, one can go to Lidl, Aldi, and Netto. If you wish to have dinner outside, on any occasion, it will cost €10 at a modest spot, whereas €50 for two at an average restaurant. On a normal, a foreign student needs 7 Lacs per annum in Germany.

  • Rent and utilities- € 400
  • Food and drink- € 100
  • Travel costs (car and public transport)- € 96
  • Working/learning materials- € 21
  • Phone, internet, TV- € 30
  • Clothing- € 45
  • Leisure, culture, sports- € 58
  • Total- € 830

The table given is just to give you a fair idea. The spending can be done according to your needs. For example, you have cheaper accommodation then you won’t have to compromise on food or other expenses, and if accommodation is a bit over budget then you will have to look for other areas where you can cut the cost.

Accommodation cost

The greatest concern for students is to locate a suitable and reasonable accommodation. The lease cost is the largest expense you will have in Germany. Urban areas like Munich, Cologne, Hamburg, and Frankfurt are mainly expensive ones, while cities like Karlsruhe and Leipzig are quite reasonable. Students pay somewhere in the range of €290 and €560 per month in rent, contingent on where their university is. In case you’re searching for a one-bedroom apartment at the center of the city, the charges will be around €750, whereas in fringe areas it will be €500 per month. Many students live in a shared flat or student hall of residence since having their flat
is very costly.

Travel cost

As a student, you will consistently need to move around. Showing up on the schedule for classes, getting back to the apartment, going to shop, meet-ups, everything can get tiring and distressing. So make a choice of transport beforehand that saves your time and money. The semester contribution can cover up your university bus ticket. For other destinations, you can utilize public transport or bike for over-crowded cities during the times of heavy traffic. Single direction tickets on local public transport cost €2.00 by and large. In case you’re a regular traveler, you can buy a monthly ticket that costs €70 on average.

Visa Guide for Germany

The count of international students picking Germany for their higher studies has expanded. Not all but most international students need a German student visa which they can get at a German embassy in their home country. You may get the visa if you’re an outsider having received a letter of admission for studying at a German university, foundation, college of arts and music, and other perceived advanced education establishments. To get a student visa for Germany, one should apply at least three months prior.
Student guide to germany - Visa

Types of Germany Student Visa

At whatever point you want to head to Germany for higher studies, apply for a valid German visa, mentioning the need for travel and study. There are three sorts of visas meant for educational purposes in Germany:

Visa for Language Learning (Language Course Visa): This visa is for the time of 3 months to as long as 1 year, to partake in short term language courses.

Visum Zur Studienbewerbung (Student Applicant Visa): If you want to study in Germany, yet attempting to find the correct program and haven’t yet received the confirmation letter from the University then apply for a Student Applicant Visa.

Visum Zu Studienzwecken (Student Visa): If a German University has given the confirmation letter, give the records to the consulate/embassy, and apply for the Student Visa.

Documents required

The documents required to apply for a Germany student visa are the following:
● Completed application form
● Valid passport
● Copy of your passport’s information page
● Admission letter by German University
● Two photos (not more seasoned than a half year)
● Cover letter explaining the reason for the application
● Transcript of all academic records
● Proof of funds
● Health insurance certificate
● Declaration of the authenticity of documents
● Demand draft for student visa fee
● Proof of language proficiency (includes the test scores)

You have to provide two sets of documents. With that, you likewise need to give verification that you don’t have a criminal record. It is preferred if you deposit a security installment in your blocked account as this implies you can’t pull back cash until you arrive in Germany.

How to get a Germany visa

You may get a German Student Visa in case you’re an outsider having gotten a letter of affirmation for studying at a German University, similarly perceived establishment, college of Applied Sciences, School of expressions and music, or other perceived advanced education organization. The courses which you can opt for with a German student visa are either full-time studies or preliminary measures like a Foundation course till the time you get the admission in a university. To apply for a Germany student visa visit the Embassy or Consulate of Germany in your country. Visa expenses add up to €75. Student applicants have to pay the fees through bank transfer. Cheques or credit cards won’t be acknowledged. In case you have to stay in Germany for 90 days, you will also have to look for a Residence permit after the appearance in Germany. For that, a whole of €110 needs to be paid. It can take a long time to be issued, which is between 8-12 weeks. Use a blocked account as proof of your monetary assets and increase the odds of getting the student visa. Select an appointment date for visa interview. On that day, offer your visa application reports. Answer all the inquiry questions appropriately as this is to check whether you are the potential visa candidate. The preparation for a Germany long-stay study visa may take up to 6-12
weeks while Germany’s short-stay study visas are given inside 15-30 days.

Work Visa

A student can work in Germany with a student visa for 120 days full time or 240 days half time in a scholarly year. They are not permitted to work as freelancers or be self-employed. Up until this point, Germany is the only nation where a student can do a part-time technical job in the related field. For this students will have to get in touch with the placement cell to land this position. After finishing the degree, if you need to look for work in Germany, foreign students with a residence permit can extend to stay in the country and work up to 18 months as long as the activity is in the related field. It is advantageous to have a proficiency in the German language,
but not generally essential. After two years of employment in Germany, one can apply for permanent residency status in the country.

Visa validity

If you are already accepted from a university, you can apply for a student visa. If you are still waiting for the acceptance letter or need to finish the admission test, apply for the prospective student visa. This visa is substantial for 3 months which can be extended up to 6 months if you have enlisted for a foundation course or been chosen by a higher education institution. When this is done, you can ask for a student residence permit at a German consulate. A visa is only given for a certain duration. If in any case, your study permit expires before the end of the course you need to apply for restoration which needs to be at least 30 days before the current permit expiration date.

Scholarships Available for German Universities

Scholarships can be given to students based on merit and the need for it. Students who are solid in academics performed well in standardized exams and exceed expectations in extra-curricular activities would be qualified for the scholarship. To avail the opportunity, one has to present all the required documents on the assigned deadlines. With that, colleges also go through the presentation of the application. The German Academic Exchange Service or DAAD is an association that helps in funding your study.
Student Guide to Germany - Scholarships

Documents required

At the point when you are applying for a German scholarship in post-graduation, you have to present the necessary supporting documents with your application. So to apply, register in the DAAD portal to get access to the application structure. The application will interest for the following information:

● Name/Nationality
● Gender/Place of birth/Country of permanent residence
● The program you’re applying for
● Academic title
● Contact information
● Secondary school education
● Higher education
● Duration of course you’ve applied for
● Language skills
● Chosen university
● Work experience
● Previous visits abroad for study/work
● Letter of motivation
● A detailed proposal for scholarship
● Submit reference from a university teacher

Other significant documents are University degree declarations and No complaint authentication stamped by the home organization.

Eligibility criteria

To check if a student is qualified for the scholarship, the following things are considered:
● 4 years Bachelor’s degree from a registered university/institution
● Aggregate marks should be 85% above or CGPA should be 8.5/10
● Applicant must be a registered student of his/her university
● Pass the language tests. Excellent proficiency in the English language is expected; the German language is not obligatory

Other Loan Options

The first thing to check is whether you are eligible for credit or not. Banks typically offer the margin amount that implies 80% of the amount. The rest 20% you need to arrange on your own. The maximum credit sum provided by the bank is around 20 lakh. To seek the loan you have to provide an acceptance letter by the university, fee structure, and mark sheet of exams. The reimbursement timeframe begins only when the course ends. If a student gets employed within one year of the completion of the course, the repayment will start. If you are not able to secure a job, reimbursement begins whether you are employed or not. The loan is expected to be repaid
in 5-7 years which can get stretched up to as long as 10 years.

Post Study Options

Placements

German colleges don’t provide campus placements. Although the universities do have Career Services cell that help you to land positions and plan for interviews. They may recommend you to companies or help you get in touch with the HR professionals. In most cases the job search is self-propelled.

Student guide to Germany - Work

Work Visa

Most students like to remain back after finishing their course at a German university. The foreign students, after completing the graduation from a German university are conceded a one-year residence permit. This allows them to secure a permanent job in their relevant field. It is up to the student if they want to proceed with it. If a student finds a job within one year, they can apply for another visa at the Foreigner’s Registration Office and extend their visa if it gets terminated. This can assist them in getting new work openings. To get work openings in Germany, the student needs to apply for a residence permit while they are still in their final year. The German work permit helps to stay and work in other European nations too. Having a few years of work experience is like a bonus highlight to the student’s job profile. Engineering, management, and computer science are a portion of the mainstream courses among
international students.

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